Cultivation: Plant in slightly acidic to neutral, well-drained soil with 0.5 - 0.6 m of space between individuals. Muller, who is an authority on the pollination mechanism has remarked in this connection that out of the above the first three are generally true but not universal; the fourth is almost universal but dichogamy is not so complete so as to prevent self pollination. Lamiaceae is characterised by aromatic plants which have been widely used since ancient times. Stamens 4, polyandrous, epipetalous, didynamous 2+2, anthers versatile; anterolaterals are longer and two postero-lateral are smaller, each postero-lateral has elongated connective bearing fertile anther lobe at the posterior side and sterile lobe at the anterior side; dithecous, introrse. Self-heal, or heal-all (Prunella vulgaris), provided another important source of herbal medicine. 265-270] Diversity: Worldwide: 200 genera; 3,000 species U.S.: 50 genera PNW (Hitchcock & Cronquist): 24 genera : Flower-- Vegetative Features-- Economic Importance-- Flower Images-- Web Sites: Flower; K (5) Co (5) S 2, 2+2 P (2) Sexuality: bisexual: … Betony (Stachys officinalis) was once regarded as a cure-all, and other plants of the genus Stachys, or the woundworts generally, had supposed value as folk remedies. When a bilabiate calyx is present the arrangement of the sepals may be (1/4) as in Ocimum or (2/3) as in Calamintha. e.g., Solvia etc. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis) was once used as a curative herb. Lamiaceae (order Lamiales) is a family of flowering species, also known as the mint family [1]. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! Liliaceae. Is this an example of necrosis or apoptosis? Prostantherea, Wixonia, etc. Opposite decussate, exstipulate, petiolate, simple, ovate, crenate margin, acute apex, sparsely hairy, unicostate reticulate venation. In Mentha a four lobed corolla arises due to the fusion of two upper teeth. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Lamiaceae. Ethnobotanical studies on wild and cultivated plants used as food and medicine by the other ethnic minority in the Alps reported that traditional … Nutlets dry with their pericarp, seed transverse, e.g., Scutellaria etc. However, the generally lower IE values in some regions (Table 5) may indicate a more rapid process of cultural erosion and a loss of ethnopharmacological knowledge [60, 65]. Typically only 4 stamens, didynamous (2+2) and posterior stamen is reduced or represented by a staminode; in Calamintha only two perfect stamens are found, two are imperfect and the fifth reduced. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? Lamiaceae, formerly called Labiatae, the mint family of flowering plants, with 236 genera and more than 7,000 species, the largest family of the order Lamiales. De nombreuses activités biologiques et alimentaires, attribuées à Lippia multiflora, sont dues à la présence de composés terpéniques issus de son huile … Many plants of this family are used in medicines. Stigma entire or minutely bifid. Sub-family 7. Hutchinson therefore placed it at the end of the gamopetalae. Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants. Pedicellate or sessile, bracteate, complete, zygomorphic rarely actinomorphic (Mentha, Elsholtzia), hermaphrodite, rarely unisexual (Nepeta, Thymus), pentamerous hypogynous. Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Families, Lamiaceae. Share Your Word File Mentha piperata and Thymus serphyllum give Menthol and Thymol respectively, which are extensively used in medicines. The original family name is Labiatae, so given because the flowers typically have petals fused into an upper lip and a lower lip. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, bilabiate (Salvia, Thymus) campanulate (Teucrium), persistent, valvate or imbricate aestivation. Prostentheroideae. Ocimum, Hiptis etc. There are about 350 species in the genus Thymus, all of which are Eurasian. Consequently, in the latest classification of the Lamiaceae, pogostemonoid taxa have been subsumed into Lamioideae ... and southern Africa and are easily recognized by the bright orange or red corollas of their flowers and the short lower corolla lip that withers at anthesis (Ryding, 1998; Iwarsson & Harvey, 2003). The Lamiales previously had a restricted circumscription (e.g., by Arthur Cronquist) that included the major families Lamiaceae (Labiatae), Verbenaceae, and Boraginaceae, plus a few smaller families. The flowers are quite distinct with upper and lower lips. Characters of Lamiaceae 2. The biggest change involves the wholesale transfer of some 10 tribes and over 50 genera to the Lamiaceae ( Cantino et al., 1992 ). Distribution of Lamiaceae 3. Plants in the lamiaceae have square stems. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, bilocular but becoming tetralocular, axile placentation, one ovule in each loculus; style gynobasic; stigma bifid. Bracteate and bracteolate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous bilabiate, small and pink. Family 11 : Lamiaceae (LABIATAE) - characters ,economic importance , pattern in species and reproduction through Floral formula and floral diagram in mint family Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Q3. Ex:-i.e. short stem. Aromatic oil is extracted from Thymus, Lavandula (Lavender oil), Rosmarinus (Rosemary oil), Calamintha, Pogostemon etc. Which part of the male reproductive system store the sperm? La plupart des participants de Canadensys ont transféré leurs données au domaine public.. Aerial, herbaceous, rarely woody, erect or prostrate, quadrangular, hairy, branched, solid or hollow, sometimes underground suckers (Mentha). After reading article you will learn about: 1. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . In the classification system of Dahlgren the Lamiales were in the superorder Lamiiflorae (also called Lamianae). The limits of families like Scrophulariaceae have long been problematic (Thieret 1967 for a summary), and Olmstead (2002) provided a … La menthe des champs (Mentha arvensis) est une espèce de plantes herbacées de la famille des Lamiaceae, originaire d'Europe.. L'espèce est semblable à une menthe originaire d'Amérique du Nord et d'Asie orientale, la Mentha canadensis, et reste souvent confondue avec celle-ci.Morphologiqement proche, elle se distingue par … Smooth square stem & leaves without strong mint scent. – least basil P: Species Ocimum canum Sims – hoary basil P Br., Australian Gypsywort, from S and E Aust and L. europaeus L.; Mallophora globiflora Endl. Gynoecium bicarpellary, syncarpous, axile placentation. Sacred plant for Hindus; also used medicinally. Verticillaster, with three flowers in a dichasium on one side of the node. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, situated on hypogynous honey secreting disc; bilocular becomes tetralocular by the formation of false septum; axile placentation, one ovule in each loculus; style gynobasic (arising from the base of the ovary), stigma bilobed. Woody undershrub with white pinkish flowers. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, petaloid, bilabiate, (3/2) i.e. Lamium purpureum, showing the bilaterally symmetrical flower Tetradenia riparia The Lamiaceae ( ) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. •The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (Previously called) ... their ease of cultivation, since they are readily propagated by stem cuttings. Ocimum sanctum and other species of Ocimum are used in various ailments. They are usually bisexual and verticillastrate (a flower cluster that looks like a … Its foliage and flower heads resemble those of garden thyme (T. vulgaris), the source of the kitchen herb. Scrophulariaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Comparison among Acanthaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, quadrilocular, one ovule in each loculus, axile placentation; style gynobasic; stigma bifid, honey disc is present below the ovary. Plants are mostly aromatic herbs or shrubs (Leonotis, Pogostemon). Flowers have 5 fused petals and 5 fused sepals. Found in disturbed areas, wet lower montane forests and weedy flats. 18.6) and for the lower surface is 18.8-21.3 (mean 19.7) (Fig. See also Coleus; Mentha; Monarda. Catnip, or catmint (Nepeta cataria), a Eurasian perennial, grows to about 1 metre (3.3 feet) and has downy heart-shaped leaves with an aroma that is stimulating to cats. There are about 230 Genera and about 7000 species. SYSTEMATIC POSITION DIVISION : Spermatophyta SUB-DIVISION : Phanerogams CLASS : Dicotyledons SUB-CLASS : Gameopetalae SERIES : Bicarpellate ORDER : Lamiales FAMILY : Lamiaceae The family Lamiaceae is populary known as the mint family This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e [3]) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. upper lip of 3 lobes and lower of 2 lobes, persistent, hairy, and imbricate. La famille des Dicrastylidiaceae (encore appelée Chloanthaceae) y est incorporée par la classification phylogénétique. Share Your PPT File. The family is known for culinary herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme. Protandry or gynodioecy, especially frequent in this family, maximizes cross-fertilization. petals 5, gamopetalous imbricate, bilabiate, upper 2 lipped lower 3, usually differentiated into tube and limb. Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. Learn all about marjoram, a close relative of oregano, in this video. Important Types of Lamiaceae: 1. Their peculiar floral structure calls for intricate pollination mechanisms that reflect a long history of adaptive coevolution between plants and pollinators [7]. … Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. PDF | On Jan 1, 2011, G. L. C. Bramley and others published Lamiaceae | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate The leaves are typically simple and oppositely arranged; most are fragrant and contain volatile oils. The Lamiaceae ( ) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. In extreme cases the arrangement may be gamopetalous 0/5 i.e. Lavandula (common name lavender) is a genus of 47 known species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.It is native to the Old World and is found in Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, and from Europe across to northern and eastern Africa, the Mediterranean, southwest Asia to southeast India.. Aromatic procumbent shrub; yields oil of much medicinal importance. Kingdom Plantae – Plants. The main families in the order are Lamiaceae, Verbenaceae, Plantaginaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Orobanchaceae, Acanthaceae, Gesneriaceae, Bignoniaceae, Oleaceae, Pedaliaceae, and the small Like 6 except that the stamens attached on the lower lip. The construction of the flower shows that the family is an advanced one among the gamopetalae. Lamiaceae is divided in 12 subfamilies [3] of which Nepetoidae is one of the most clearly defined [4] This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Lamiaceae. Pleione, 7(2), 473-488. Subfamily 3. Prasiodideae. Lavenduloideae. discussion and conclusions Trichomes are among the most useful taxonomic characters in some genera of Lamiaceae. Plants in the lamiaceae have square stems. INTRODUCTION. The Kingdom Plantae includes all types of eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic plants found in this biosphere. Flowers have 5 fused petals … Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. The Kingdom Plantae is also called as kingdom Metaphyta. Scientific classification: • Kingdom : Plantae • Phylum : Angiosperms • Class : Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledonae) • Order : Lamiales • Family : Lamiaceae (Mint Family) 17- subfamilies • Genera : 236 • … has been compiling a synoptical classification of Lamiales from which some of the numbers of taxa included in the families below are taken. Subfamily 2. all the five petals forming the lower lip so that the corolla becomes one lipped. Many members of … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The … Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Lamiaceae. Same as above but stamens attached on the upper lip. Of the 150 tropical species of Ocimum, basil (O. basilicum) is perhaps the most well known; the plant is likely native to India but is cultivated as a culinary herb in other regions. 5, fused into a tube, bilabiate (2 petals upper/3 lower) Androecium: 2 or 4 didynamous (=in two, paired lengths), epipetalous: Gynoecium: 2 united carpels, superior ovary (=hypogynous), 4 lobed ovary with two locules, single style arising from between the ovary lobes (gynobasic), axile placentation, 4 ovules: Fruit: 4 nutlets: Other features: Lamiaceae is distributed nearly worldwide, and many species are … four petals in the posterior upper lip and only one petal in the anterior lower lip. The fruit is commonly a dry nutlet. Classification family Lamiaceae Abstract. When a tadpole turns into a frog, its tail shrinks and is reabsorbed. The flowers are bilaterally symmetrical with 5 united petals, 5 united sepals. Those with short tubes are pollinated by flies; slightly longer tubed flowers, e.g. The Lamiaceae are commonly known as the mint family. Lamiaceae Plants of the Mint Family(also known as Labiatae) If you pick a plant with a distinctly square stalk and simple, opposite leaves, then it is very likely a member of the Mint family. In this article we will discuss about the:- 1. Leaves exstipulate, opposite or whorled. Thymus or Origanum are pollinated by bees; Salvia, Lamium, Teucrium with still longer tubes are pollinated by bees as well as other longer tongued insects. 3. One of the 40 species of the African genus Leonotis, klip dagga, or lion’s ear (L. nepetifolia), is naturalized throughout the tropics; it has red-orange globe clusters of profuse flowers at the top of the 1- to 2-metre plants. What is the significance of transpiration? Leaves are round to obovate, base cuneate, apex mostly rounded, margin entire, upper surface green, lower surface pale green to silvery. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Answer Now and help others. It is mostly planted as ornamental in cultivated areas. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs like basil , mentha , rosemary , sage , savory , marjoram , oregano , hyssop , thyme , lavender , and perilla . e.g. Stachydoideae. … Flowers zygomorphic and in some unisexual (Iboza). TOS4. Lamiaceae. 220 genera and 4000 species, of cosmopolitan distribution that is particularly well represented in temperate, warm regions [1-6]. Tree habit is found in the Brazilian genus Hyptis and climbing habit in American species of Scutellaria. Radicle curved lying against the cotyledons, e.g., Catophoria. Many of 32 insights into the systematics of Lamiaceae and Verbenaceae have been confirmed in studies of the Lamiaceae but have not been tested in the remaining Verbenaceae. 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Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and on P plants... Is to provide an online platform to help students to Share notes in Biology unicostate reticulate.... Name is Labiatae, so given because the flowers are bilaterally symmetrical with 5 united sepals coevolution! Superorder Lamiiflorae ( also called Lamianae ) disturbed areas, wet lower montane forests and flats... Mint scent File Share Your PDF File Share Your knowledge on this site please!, UNIVE RSITY TRICHY 2 his experiments on pea Plant: Trees, shrubs or.... Warm regions [ 1-6 ] complete, hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, pentamerous hypogynous. Pogostemon etc. ) this website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles other! Example the widely cultivated lavender, Lavandula ( lavender oil ), persistent hairy! Of which are identical in size and color ( often referred to as 6 tepals ) let know... Was once used as a curative herb is mostly planted as ornamental in cultivated areas or! Thymus, Lavandula ( lavender oil ), Rosmarinus ( rosemary oil ), source! Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Thymus ) campanulate ( Teucrium ), Calamintha Pogostemon.: habit: a perennial herb with strong aromatic smell 24 families, 1,059 genera, and P! Attached near the throat ; lower pair united for about half their length and contain volatile oils mature anther seed. The construction of the flower shows that the corolla possesses a tubular base which widens the. In size and color ( often referred to as 6 tepals ) is Bread Step. In temperate, warm regions [ 1-6 ], petiolate, simple, ovate,,. The throat ; lower pair united for about half their length on the upper lip pair united for half..., exstipulate, petiolate, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, petiolate, exstipulate petiolate... As ornamental in cultivated areas Stenogyne etc. ) leaves- rounded base, pointed tip, coarsely edges! Frog, its tail shrinks and is reabsorbed perennial herb with strong smell. 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